Official Development Assistance or “global aid” is a transfer of money and resources from predominantly richer countries to developing countries to help fight poverty and support economic development.
Explore this page to see how much countries give in global aid, where aid goes, and on what it is spent. The data is pulled from the official OECD-Development Assistance Committee (DAC) statistics on aid flows.
In the last sixty years, total aid has grown more than four-fold, from US$38 billion in 1960 to US$185.9 billion in 2021. But the financing needs to solve these global problems are much greater: to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in low-income and lower-middle income countries will likely cost between $1.4 trillion to $3 trillion per year.
From 2020 to 2021, total aid increased by 8.5 % in real terms. Some of this increase was due spending related to COVID-19 (including vaccines). Excluding that, aid increased by just 5.2%.
Over the last decade, aid as a share of national income (ODA/GNI) has barely risen, going from 0.31% in 2010 to 0.33% in 2021.
Use the drop down menu to select a specific country to see their aid levels over time.
Over the past two years COVID-19 related aid spending has largely accounted for aid increases. Excluding this portion of aid, shows that total ODA from DAC countries has only increased by 1.5% from 2019-2021.
Use the drop down menu to select a specific country to see how spending on COVID-19 changed its ODA spending.
Total ODA is based on “net flows” before 2018, and on “grant equivalents” from 2018.
In 1970, most countries agreed on a United Nations target of giving 0.7% of national income in aid (ODA/GNI). As recently as 2005 and again in 2015, European Union countries recommitted to this target. However, very few countries have achieved 0.7% since that time, and even fewer have maintained it.
If all countries gave 0.7% ODA/GNI, there would be US$203 billion additional aid available.
Hover over each country bar to see more details. Press the play button at the top of the graph to see changes over the years.
Aid is given by rich countries directly to countries in need. Or it can be given to a multilateral institution – such as the World Bank or UN – which passes on aid to countries and projects. African countries receive the largest share of total aid (33.6%), though this is down from 38% about a decade ago.
This chart shows the destination of aid, based on the World Bank income classifications.
Aid not classified by income is aid that goes to projects or programs that may span across countries/regions, or that goes to core funding of international organisations.
Use the drop down box to choose different donor countries to view. Hover over the bars to get more details.
Global aid supports a wide range of projects across sectors, from helping people living in poverty meet basic needs – such as humanitarian aid, health, and emergency food aid – to helping countries develop and grow their economies – such as aid to education, infrastructure, and energy.
This chart shows the amount of aid going to individual sectors or sector groups. Totals for individual donors include bilateral aid plus imputed multilateral aid.
Use the drop down box to choose a country to view. Hover over the graph for amounts.
Other economic infrastructure includes transport, energy, banking, construction, et al. Other social infrastructure includes government and civil society, water and sanitation, peace and security, et al.