How do we know if a country is progressing? If life is getting better or worse? By exploring the core aspects of everyday life: How long do people live? Can they afford a decent lifestyle? Can they access medical care?
Explore the data and trends on life expectancy and overall health, poverty, and food security. Find out the country’s sources of finance and expenditures, including from donors. The data is pulled from official and credible sources and updates regularly, so what you see will always be the latest.
LIfe expectancy has been steadily increasing for decades, although the COVID-19 pandemic halted progress in many parts of the world.
At birth, someone in Nigeria can expect to live to 52.9 years. This is compared to 60.8 years in Sub-Saharan Africa and 72.3 years worldwide.
Six of the top 10 causes of death in low-income countries are preventable infectious diseases.
These deaths are concentrated in the world’s poorest countries. Only one of these conditions (lower respiratory infections) appears in the top 10 for higher-income countries.
These deaths are completely preventable and treatable with better access to health services and health technologies like vaccines and medicine.
Access to HIV/AIDS treatment has scaled up steadily since 2002 at a rate of about 2 million people per year.
In turn, AIDS-related deaths have dropped by over half since their peak in 2004.
As long as people living with HIV are on treatment, they can live long and healthy lives.
Over 600,000 people died from malaria in 2020. This chart shows the changes in deaths in the last two decades. Nigeria is shown in purple.
The global malaria burden is disproportionately concentrated in Africa. In 2020, 95% of malaria cases and 96% of malaria deaths occurred in Africa.
Children under age 5 accounted for about 80% of all malaria deaths in Africa.
Coverage of the diphtheria tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) vaccine is considered a proxy for routine childhood immunisation. A child who receives all three doses before turning 1 likely has regular access to health services.
Globally, coverage of DTP3 has improved dramatically over the past 20 years.
But for the first time in three decades, global vaccination coverage among children is declining.
Extreme poverty, defined as living on less than $2.15/day (in 2017 PPPs), has been declining in recent decades. But the pandemic may have pushed up to 97 million more people into extreme poverty, reversing the downward trend.
To put it in perspective, a healthy diet costs more than $3 a day in Africa.
Use the buttons to choose between the share of the population and the total population.
This chart shows inflation rates over time.
Inflation stretches budgets even further, reducing purchasing power and making it harder for families to house, feed, and educate themselves.
Inflation refers to the year-on-year percentage change in the price of a standard basket of goods and services as calculated from the national Consumer Price Index.